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The Royal Łazienki Gardens are open daily, from dawn untill 7 p.m.
During this time, following objects are free to visit: Amphitheatre, Sybil Temple, Egyptian Temple, Waterwell Building and other pavilions and sculptures located in Royal Łazienki Gardens.
 

XIXth Century Romantic Garden

 

This part of the garden belongs to examples of landscape style which dominated almost  whole Europe. It was formed as  a new space arrangement and was a dominant in the form of Belvedere.

In 1817 Łazienki were sold to Russian emperor Aleksander I and Belvedere became  a private residence of  Grand Duke Constantine – brother of Alexander I. The steward of buildings at that time was Jakub Kubicki -  author of  Belvedere’s reconstruction and also of pavilions in the garden. The creator of design of the garden is unknown although it is known that a gardener at that time was J. Akerman.

P1280331.jpgIn the near neighbourhood of Belvedere residence there was extended not big garden with observation deck and  a  regular composition was replaced by more free composition. Below, under the scarp there was a garden with pond that had a picturesque, irregular coastline. On the pond there was an isle overgrown with trees which was very common for landscape gardens. In the further (optical axis) behind pond to this day we can see a  channel that flows from the south of the garden and comes into southern pond of the Palace on the Isle. The Chinese Alley with the bridge cut through this channel and  the view over Belvedere from here is one of the most interesting and the most attractive elements of the composition.According to the rule of formation of common at that time part picturesque part romantic garden in this area (13ha) they exhibited pavilions that are preserved to this day : Temple of Sibilla (on the hill near Belvedere), Egyptian Temple (below the scarp in the neighbourhood of former Lubomirski’s embankment from 1770) and neo- Gothic Orangery (extant only partially, situated just off the road to Palace on the Isle, near White Pavilion).IMG8284.jpg

The Temple of Sybilla was built according to project of Jakub Kubicki from 1822, was patterned upon Greek building peripterosmade  of wood, painted white, with two cast- iron lions just near the entrance, surrounded byplanted trees and bushes which  overgrown the scarp. We have from here, two views over picturesque pond and channels with bridges but also over flower meadow which is just behind the channel.  

The Egyptian Temple, an exotic pavilion from 1822, was a building with elements taken from ancient Egypt architecture with lotus columns and four lions between them gushing with water and with room for fig farming. On one part of the roof there is an alley leading into the park. The pavilion is decorated with obelisk. The channel running from pavilion towards Belvedere Pond is overgrown at both sides with waterside vegetation : azaleas (rhododendron), azaleas, willows, alders, ferns which  produces  a special atmosphere in  this place.  Winding, irregular paths and alleys are portraying an area overgrown with common in the 19th century poplars and oaks. Very often we can meet here inter alia: beech, horse – chestnut, plane trees, pines, lilacs and jasmine. The boundary with the Royal Garden builds the Chinese Alley. There was a garden farm on the borderline of  theBelvedere Garden from the south in the second half  of  the 19th century. The New Orangery was built in 1870 according to project of Józef Orłowski and Adam Adolf Loeve in the neighbourhood of garden farm and near The Chinese Alley. There was an plan to place during the winter period the collection of orange trees bought from Nieborów in this Orangery and also to put there the collection of exotic plants.

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