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The Royal Łazienki Gardens are open daily, from dawn untill 7 p.m.
During this time, following objects are free to visit: Amphitheatre, Sybil Temple, Egyptian Temple, Waterwell Building and other pavilions and sculptures located in Royal Łazienki Gardens.

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Palace on the Isle

Palace on the Isle

Construction year: 1689
Designer/builder: Tylman van Gameren

The Palace on the Isle, the summer residence of the last king of Poland, Stanisław August, is one of the most outstanding examples of the style of his epoch. The origins of the Palace date back to the 17th century, when the Ujazdów premises were owned by the Grand Marshall of the Crown, Stanisław Herakliusz Lubomirski. It was on his orders, that in the years  1683 – 1689, the architect, Tylman van Gameren, constructed a garden pavilion – a Bathhouse (in Polish - Łazienki), which was also called Hippokrene (Aganippe) from the ancient fountain that was created by the hooves of the Pegasus and was a place of gathering of the Muses and a source of poetic inspiration.

Ujazdów Castle on a hill, together with two pavilions picturesquely situated among the trees, became of interest to Stanisław August Poniatowski in 1764. Just before the election the future king bought these lands for his private residence.

Thanks to help of the architects, Dominic Merlini and Jan Christian Kamsetzer, Stanisław August turned the Bathhouse into the Palace, a summer residence of a villa -museum type. It became a place to exhibit the royal collection of paintings from the 17th and the 18th century, as well as sculptures. The Palace on the Isle also contained, hidden in the interior design, the philosophical ideas of Stanisław August and his reformist aspirations.

The Palace on the Isle contains the ideological legacy of the king, who thus presented the future generations the motives of his political decisions and the reasons behind them – the deep conviction of the necessity to save the Republic of Poland.


In the Ball Room, the king passed along, through the mythological references, values he considered the most important, that is wisdom, virtue, beauty and love of art, the values he based his rule on. Thanks to reforms initiated by the king, Poland was to enter the Golden Age of peace and prosperity. 

In the Rotunda Stanisław August pondered his place in history and pointed out the Polish kings who had become the models for his rule. He also referred to the ancient traditions of the political system. He saw himself as a worthy continuator of history and tradition, as shown in the painting decorations in the Solomon Room.

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