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The Royal Łazienki Gardens are open daily, from dawn untill 7 p.m.
During this time, following objects are free to visit: Amphitheatre, Sybil Temple, Egyptian Temple, Waterwell Building and other pavilions and sculptures located in Royal Łazienki Gardens.

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Old Orangery

Old Orangery

Construction year: 1788
Designer/builder: Dominik Merlini

The Old Orangery, which in the times of Stanisław August was called the Great Orangery, was built in the years 1786-1788, according to a project by the royal architect, Dominic Merlini. It was situated in the western part of the garden, in the bend of a retreating scarp. The building, created from the plan of a rectangular horseshoe, is characterised by classical simplicity. The principal section, with the southern facade divided by seventeen huge arcade windows with pilasters in between, is a proper Orangery, designed to house exotic trees and plants, which during the summer were put in the garden as decorative features. On the northern side of this long building there are two adjacent wings. The western one housed rooms for guests, gardeners, as well as carriage rooms and storage rooms for garden tools. The eastern wing, which was much wider, housed the court theatre, the entrance to which is in the eastern, two-storey elevation. The top of this elevation, formerly visible from the Ujazdowski Castle windows, apart from the authentic arcade window, is decorated on both its sides with pairs of painted windows, which were discovered under the plaster and restored several years ago. The Orangery room was heated in winter with stoves, the hearths of which were located in the hall linking the two wings.

In front of the southern elevation of the building is a rectangular two-level terrace, separated by a thick fenced wall, with a narrower part adjoining the building and the lower part with a geometrical style garden. On either side of the entrance to the garden there are two stone lions, at the corners of the wall there are two stone crater vases, replicas of more ancient ones. The garden, the centre of which is occupied by a round fountain, is decorated with numerous stone sculptures created in the royal sculpture workshop. The sculptures create an open air museum which is a reference to the concept of Stanisław August. Among the sculptures there are eight busts of Roman Caesars, modeled on the ancient models by Francis Pinck (originally to decorate the stoves warming the no longer in existence column galleries in the Palace on the Isle). Additionally, two sculptures personifying the Vistula River and the Bug River by Tomasso Righi, which originally decorated the terrace in the Palace on the Isle, were also placed here. The collection of sculptures is complemented by two marble sphinxes and eight marble vases.

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